En Fr
  • 1.

    The Sensual City path

  • 2.

    The climate

  • 3.

    Built landscapes

  • 4.

    On the waterside

  • 5.

    In the sky

    The skyline has become one of our urban horizons, creating a new familiarity. The term, previously reserved for American metropolises, now applies to all large vertical cities throughout the entire world.
    The skyline is a landscape created by those looking at it. It cannot exist without spectators who break down, frame and reassemble disparate architectural motifs into a coherent whole based on the singularity of their appreciation. The pleasure of the skyline, rather than resting in its size, lies in the individual’s understanding of its composition.
    There is also the specific pleasure of appreciating the city as a stage setting and a panorama. This enjoyment is also provided by the contrast between the context of the observer’s viewpoint and that of the sheer size of the skyline to be contemplated.
    But the skyline can also become a source of anxiety. The construction of skyscrapers completely reorganises the urban landscape and upsets, occasionally violently, it’s associated historic representations. This is why the skyline has become as much an object of discussion as it is a source of contemplation.
    When discussing town planning, it is now essential to incorporate ideas concerning city skylines. The challenge lies in sharing points of view and agreeing on how the sky should be broken up. While the ground level and buildings all have owners, the views of the city belong to everyone. In cities, the “right to have views” should now be taken into consideration as, quite clearly, the urban landscape is a shared asset.

    • 5.1.


      • 5.1.1.


      • 5.1.2.


        T X T

        Competition | New York | USA | 2015
        with C&t ingénierie

        “You walk for days among trees and stones. Rarely does the eye light on a thing, and then only when it has recognized that thing as the sign of another thing: a print in the sand indicates the tiger’s passage; a marsh announces a vein of water; the hibiscus flower, the end of winter. All the rest is silent and interchangeable. Trees and stones are only what they are.” Italo Calvino, Invisible Cities, 1972.

        Our ‘wall without a wall’ is a space for speaking, to openly share the political and democratic questions of the city.

        I M G
    • 5.2.


    • 5.3.


  • 6.

    Movement and balance

  • 7.


  • 8.

    The materiality of cities

  • 9.


  • 10.